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Posted by Kruciform Kid on July 24, 2012 at 11:30am 0 Comments

Why is Amelia Earhart so famous?

1. She didn't pilot the airplane alone (she had two other licensed pilots with her).

2. She didn't complete her voyage (she crashed), and she never actually "circled the globe".

So if, for example, Charles Lindburgh had another pilot with him, and then never actually crossed the Atlantic to Paris (but rather, crashed); would he have ever become famous? Several other aviators attemped the same flight and failed, and they are not…



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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking:
by Austin Cline, Guide

Some may get the impression that it simply involves finding fault with others and others’ ideas, but that isn’t really the case. Critical thinking is an effort to develop reliable, rational evaluations about what is reasonable for us to believe and disbelieve. Critical thinking makes use of the tools of logic and science because it values skepticism over gullibility or dogmatism, reason over faith, science of pseudoscience, and rationality over wishful thinking. Critical thinking does not guarantee that we will arrive at truth, but it does make it much more likely than any of the alternatives do.

A person who wishes to think critically about something like politics or religion must be open-minded. This requires being open to the possibility that not only are others right, but also that you are wrong. Too often people launch into a frenzy of arguments without taking any time to consider that they may be mistaken.

Differentiate Emotion and Reason
Our emotional reasons for believing something might be quite understandable, but if the logic behind the belief is wrong, then ultimately we should not consider our belief rational. If we really are going to approach our beliefs in a skeptical, fair manner, then we must be willing to set aside our emotions and evaluate the logic and reasoning on their own terms — possibly even rejecting our beliefs if they fail to live up to logical criteria.

Probability is not Certainty
However preferable it might be otherwise, we can’t be absolutely certain about quite a lot of matters — especially those matters that are the focus of many debates. When a person exercises skepticism and critical thinking, they remember that just because they can show a conclusion is probably true, that doesn’t mean they have shown or can show that it is certainly true.

"I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." 
~ Socrates   

Further Reading:
Sharpen Your Critical Thinking Skills (by Jeff Cobb)

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